Accessibility

UB follows state and federal mandates regarding universal accessibility.

On this page:

All websites must be in compliance with UB policies. If you have questions about accessibility, please consult the UB Accessibility website.

Last reviewed: May 5, 2022

Introduction

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA website), Section 508 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act (Section 508 website) and parallel New York State regulations require websites to be fully accessible for all users.

Accessibility refers to equivalent experience for people with visual, physical or cognitive impairments. Accessible practice ensures unassisted direct access, such as sufficient font contrast and the ability to navigate without a mouse, as well as compatibility with assistive technology such as screen readers, following Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG website).

UB's accessibility efforts are lead by the EIT Accessibility Officer in the Office of Equity, Diversity and Inclusion. You can find more information on the Accessibility at UB website.

Keeping our UB websites accessible is a federal law. Your site is responsible to identify and remediate identified accessibility issues as pages are built, using SiteImprove scans.

Accessibility Scanning Tools

SiteImprove is a Web accessibility review product provided for use by UB constituents by the Office of Equity, Diversity and Inclusion. All UBCMS sites are routinely added to SiteIprove when they are created. Initial scans for new sites will take a couple of days to appear, then going forward, reports on new or modified pages should be available within a day.

All pages are automatically scanned unless they are secure, but these pages can still be scanned by the browser plugin.

Units are currently responsible for A and AA conformance level Issues and Potential Issues.

In addition, the SiteImprove browser plugin can be used for 'just in time' scans of individual pages or scanning a page in Author before it is published (hint, use 'View as Published'). Where slight differences show up between it and the main SiteImprove tool (or other tools), please refer to the main SiteImprove tool as the authoritative reference.

Expand Your Knowledge

UB Policies & Practices

Professional Development / Training Opportunities

Best Practices for UBCMS Content and Components

Audio Transcripts

Custom Code (CSS, HTML, Javascript)

Documents

File Download

Fonts

Forms

Headings (titles)

Images (Alt text)

Audit Alt text compliance using the Image Accessibility Bookmarklet.

Lists

Slideshows and Carousels

Tables

Tabs

Text Components

Third Party Content (external embeds)

Videos

SiteImprove Known Issues

Photo Gallery - (A) 'Image without a text alternative' [false positive]

  • Issue: Siteimprove may warn about images missing Alt text. For images that are referenced from Assets, even if you have correctly completed field(s) in the Assets images -- Alt text and/or Caption and/or Title -- SiteImprove may still warn there is no Alt text.
  • Resolution: This error is not accurate and can be ignored.

Text Component -- (A) 'Link without a text alternative' [false positive]

  • Issue: SiteImprove may warn about links missing link text but the so-called link is just plain text, an unlinked URL written out on the page (e.g. in our documentation "http://...").
  • Resolution: This error is not accurate and can be ignored.

Website Navigation or Teaser Labels -- (AA) 'Text is clipped when resized' [false positive]

  • Issue: Siteimprove may warn about the text labels on top navigation tabs or teasers: 'Visitors should be able to scale text to 200% without losing any information.'
  • Resolution: We have manually zoomed past 200% in Windows and Mac browsers and not seen any issues. We feel this error is not accurate and can be ignored.

Audio Player -- (AA) sufficient contrast between the text and background' [false positive]

  • Issue: SiteImprove warns about poor contrast for text labels on the Audio Player component but the colors are 666 over FFF which is sufficient contrast.
  • Resolution: This error is not accurate and can be ignored.

Image With a Link - (A): Link without a text alternative [false positive]

  • Issue: SiteImprove warns that a link (from an image) has no text equivalent even though the image itself has Alt text -- links must always have link text or an Alt text alternative.
  • Resolution: This error is not accurate and can be ignored. The link does have text, but SIteImprove is currently not acknowledging its presence.

Image With a Link - (A): Link without a text alternative [will be remediated]

  • Issue: SiteImprove warns that a link (from an image) has no text equivalent even though the image has an embedded Caption. Normally an image caption can stand instead of Alt text but links must always have link text or an Alt text alternative.
  • Resolution: This error is accurate. The workaround is to provide Alt text for any image that is also a link. Additionally, we will adjust the code this spring so that a caption will satisfy SiteImprove as a replacement for Alt text.

Text Components - Overuse of italics (Accessibility best practices) [false positive]

  • Issue: SiteImprove flags a page for having too much emphasis when a block of text is italicized (or bolded). This occurs even when the paragraph is just several words, such as a photo caption.
  • Resolution: None needed. This is not a Conformance issue and is erroneously being applied to a small section of text that very reasonably could be emphasized (such as a caption or footnote).

Report Accessibility Concerns

Unit Web Leaders and Site Owners or Managers can report any others that authors cannot remediate. This will help us to update our documentation and collaborate across campus.

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